Tips for research paper writing

Tips for research paper writing

A research paper is a principal report or document that contains the analysis, interpretation, and collection of in-depth research material. Research writing paper is a type of academic writing that requires a synergistic amalgamation of theoretical and practical data. Research writing paper is a meticulous task and it can get challenging at times. The skill of research writing is in adding and including the key points from the substantial research output and formulating a structure to the research writing paper. Based on dissertation analysis, research paper writing can be segmented as authoring and updating. The process of research writing paper the dissertation is significant since it is proof of the research work.


Steps to writing a research paper

Tips for research paper writing

  1. Choosing a research topic for research writing paper
  2. Conducting literature review and research 
  3. Developing a thesis statement
  4. Creating a draft outline
  5. Writing the research writing paper


Choosing a research topic 

Tips for research paper writing

Defining a problem statement1 is the first step in initiating research work. The research writing paper should satisfy the requirements of the assignment. The use of the scientific approach in the research writing paper should be beneficial for the research writing paper. The topic of a research writing paper should fit into the requirements of the research study. The topic should be relevant to the study and must be achievable within the available timeline. To start with, the topic for a research writing paper must have a proper scope. It must deal with the following:

  1. the main study,
  2. its theoretical basis, and
  3. methods used in research writing paper. This topic is related to the research writing paper itself. As the title of the research writing paper states, it must make the reader curious about the subject. 


Abstract and Introduction:

Tips for research paper writing

The research writing paper starts with a brief paragraph about the whole study. An abstract in a research writing paper is a summary of the research given in a concise form. A reader must be able to understand the scope of the research, and a good research writing paper will provide a glimpse of the study and encourage the reader to continue to explore the further data of the research2. Thus, the abstract is the welcome note of the research results. This is followed by a detailed introduction. The introduction section has the data from the literature review, providing the background of the problem statement and stating the need for the study. The introduction provides a detailed account of the previous studies done in the area and the gaps that exist to be filled. The initial sections of the research writing paper, the abstract and introduction3, can be written only when the scope of the research is clear. Thus, keeping the relevant literature handy and elucidating the key points, keywords, and proper citations is essential to drafting a well-written research summary4 for research writing paper.



The crust of research work is the actual work that has been carried out. The details of the conducted research are explained in the methodology5 section of the research writing paper. A researcher must record data from every experiment, including standard operating procedures (SOPs) during the time of conducting the research. The proper homework during every experiment will aid in making the work easier during research writing paper. Maintenance of research records and projection of true and non -manipulative data is important to avoid scientific misconduct. 


The methodology section will provide a detailed account of the study design, qualitative and quantitative parameters, and more in research writing paper. The most important factor to remember is to provide the exact measurements, concentrations, and counts in the methods. This is done to facilitate any other researcher working on a similar study being able to replicate the experiment and arrive at the same results. The methodology is the written proof of the conduct of the mentioned research6 in research writing paper.


In a research degree, it is crucial for the student and the supervisor or guide to agree on the conducted experiments and results. In the majority of cases, a researcher conducts multiple experiments to achieve a specific objective. Thus, it's essential to maintain a checklist with a timeline where the final and decisive experiments must be included, and experiments that failed must also be included in research writing paper, at least in the appendix, to provide a sign to other researchers. 


In some research, new methods are formulated and studied, these are often given intellectual property (IP) or patent protection. In such cases, the specific ID or number should be mentioned in the methodology for reference. If an experiment is done by modifying a specific SOP, then it should be mentioned. 




After explaining the framework and outline of the study, the researcher must provide the outcome of the study. This data answers the question of “what” is found in the given study. This is the most interesting portion of the research writing paper. This section has multiple alphanumerical data sets that involve statistical analysis, tabular data, and more. This section is a continuation of the methodology section. Every experiment mentioned in the methodology section must have a separate results section7.


The result section provides a clear note of the analysis performed and also has a brief introduction of the analytical or statistical calculation in research writing paper. There will be many data formats required to be filled in the results section, like tables, graphical representations, pictorial visualizations, illustrations, and more. Thus, it’s a key requirement to adhere to the format prescribed by the research journal in which the research writing paper will be published. The microscopy images and experiment photographs should be in the recommended pixels and their original form. These are crucial to maintaining sanity and integrity. 




The discussion section is the final major section of a research writing paper. This section summarizes the results and provides the reader with insights into the significance of the results. The discussion section also provides a note of the objectives that are proved and the need for further analysis8. It also should mention the extent of investigation done in the study and give directions for future research required to address further research questions. Drafting of the discussion section in research writing paper requires attention to detail to collect and compare the research works conducted before and must show the positive attributes of the conducted study and how it will be helpful in the development of the research area of interest.



Tips for research paper writing

Once the researcher completes the condensed text sections, he or she arrives at yet another important section. The reference section requires different formatting and writing to achieve the needs of the journal of interest. Thus, it is required to have documentation of the citations of the research writing paper throughout the multiple section of research writing paper. The researcher writing the research writing paper must have the guidelines for referencing in hand. There are open-source referencing tools available online to aid in drafting a citation. Commonly, the reference section in any research writing paper will have an alphabetized list of citations/ sources of research work mentioned, books, and publisher information9.


Some of the key points to writing a successful research writing paper10 include:




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  3. Harris, Martha Jane. "Three steps to teaching abstract and critique writing." International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education 17.2 (2006): 136-146.
  4. Swales, John, and Hazem Najjar. "The writing of research article introductions." Written communication 4.2 (1987): 175-191.
  5. Mulligan, Christopher, and Russell Garofalo. "A collaborative writing approach: Methodology and student assessment." The Language Teacher 35.3 (2011): 5-10.
  6. Smith, Hazel. "Emerging from the experiment: a systematic methodology for creative writing teaching." New writing: the International Journal for the practice and theory of creative writing 3.1 (2006): 17-34.
  7. Wu, Jianguo. "Improving the writing of research papers: IMRAD and beyond." Landscape Ecology 26.10 (2011): 1345-1349.
  8. Skelton, John R., and Sarah JL Edwards. "The function of the discussion section in academic medical writing." Bmj 320.7244 (2000): 1269-1270.
  9. Ecarnot, F., et al. "Writing a scientific article: A step-by-step guide for beginners." European Geriatric Medicine 6.6 (2015): 573-579.
  10. Perneger, Thomas V., and Patricia M. Hudelson. "Writing a research article: advice to beginners." International journal for quality in health care 16.3 (2004): 191-192.