How to find a topic for research paper

How to find a topic for research paper


Research is a systemic analysis or investigation of a hypothesis, from relevant sources and materials to arrive at a defined conclusion. Every topic for research paper work starts with a specific idea with a rationale. The conception of an idea and the process of defining the same results in defining the topic for research paper1. A topic for research paper must answer three major questions- “Why is the work done”, “What will be achieved” and “How it will be achieved”. 


Background research:


The topic for research paper should fit into the requirements of the assignment. The topic for research paper should be relevant for the study and must be achievable in the available timeline. To start with, the topic for a research paper must have a proper scope2. The scope of the topic for research paper must be defined; it must not be too broad or narrow. The scope will answer the question of “Why” is the research done. To answer the same, a good understanding of the need for the study is required. Background research is necessary as it has multiple steps within it to check if the study is novel and not repetitive. Thus, defining a problem statement is the first step in initiating research work.


To define a novel study topic for research paper, brainstorming3 is essential. Having a brainstorming session is an essential step in developing a novel study topic for research paper. Doing so can help in defining the scope of the topic for research paper and coming up with various ideas and concepts for the study. Literature collection, surveys, desktop and field research are how a scope of topic for research paper is defined. Searching for current trends in the field of study or work of interest will aid in formulating many ideas and concepts for topic for research paper work. In the digitalization era, searching and gaining knowledge on any field of study has become quite simple. Improved accessibility and open-source learning tools and media provide relevant trends and community stories right to the palm.


Accessing the right information:


The effortless and improved accessibility to digital news and information4,5 has its pros and cons. The pros are unlimited knowledge access, while the cons and limitations start from fake and irrelevant information6. It is therefore important to segregate and understand reality from fake information sources. As a result, it's critical to distinguish between true and false information sources and to comprehend them. Also, digital tools have awe of affinity to presentation and ads, which diluted the concentration of the reader. Thus, as a researcher, it's essential to avoid distractions and rightly choose the scope of information to conceptualize the topic for research paper idea. It is preferable to examine numerous ideas rather than search for the best one. You should be receptive to the most bizarre ideas in the beginning. Start with one and experiment with different variations. Make a list of as many new ideas as you can. Even if many of them aren't beneficial, they will lead you closer to THE idea in the end. A researcher must avoid distractions and carefully select the scope of knowledge needed to construct the research topic for research paper. Rather than searching for the ideal concept, it is advisable to analyse a variety of them.


Background topic for research paper steps:


  1. Define the scope of topic for research paper – (area of work, industry)
  2. Define the rationale (Problem statement)
  3. Check for related studies
  4. Conceptualize the idea
  5. Brainstorm relevant concepts and trends


Develop a topic for research paper question:


Once the rationale is defined, it narrows down the thinking space to a smaller ecosystem of ideas. Within the area of interest, a topic for research paper question must be developed. This is done by drafting a null hypothesis with the scope. To define a particular study, the researcher uses the top-down approach. In this approach, write down all the possible questions of interest and rank them. Fix the top three for further selection. Once the top three questions are selected, start to create a mind map. A mind map increases the vocabulary in the chosen rationale and questions. From the mentioned activities, a researcher will be able to define the topic for research paper question. This question answers the “What will be achieved” by the proposed study. So, after the topic for research paper has been defined, the question that needs to be answered must be drafted with the scope. This step is done by identifying all possible questions that can be answered within the study area. After identifying the top three questions, the researcher should then create a mind map to help guide the development of the proposed study question.




Aspiration for a topic for research paper may arise from anywhere. Discussions, debates, peer talks, and speeches of scholars7 impact the topic for research paper selection and derivation to a topic for research paper question. Participation and engagement in conferences, panel discussions in a current hot topic for research paper in the topic for research paper field provide a multitude of ideas. Positive peer discussions and sharing of experiences aid in focusing on a topic for research paper study which is possible to achieve in the stipulated timeline. The scope of the study area is bounded by many external influences, like materials procurement, the climate in field studies, and the global pandemic in travel and logistics. Thus, in the current era, it's also important to define a topic for research paper that is possible to gain the required data given the bottlenecks. 


Literature review:


A common method to arrive at a topic for research paper study is to collect relevant published articles. A topic for research paper article has a detailed explanation of the rationale, objectives, methodology, results and discussion. The rationale and discussion section aid in identifying the topic for research paper for future topic for research paper similar to the study. Thus, the literature review8 is an essential and initial step in any topic for research paper process to understand and conceptualize the topic for research paper. There are various sources available to access topic for research paper articles. Offline sources like libraries, and online sources like google scholar, NCBI, PubMed and more. Before settling on a topic for research paper, get help from specialists. This is also part of the pre-testing and investigation of your ideas. Accept difficult queries since they provide a broad perspective on your work. As a result, keeping in touch with your PhD adviser frequently is critical to your success.


Be flexible to changes:


A researcher must be certain that the main study topic for research paper will change shape if it's tested9. Be as adaptable as possible. Every competent researcher should be willing to learn and adapt to new information. A researcher will never know what will come across. He/she may discover too much information and need to narrow your concentrate, or may discover too little information and need to extend the focus. This is a common occurrence during the study process. The researcher may not want to change the topic for research paper while investigating but may find that another part of the issue is more engaging or manageable10. The goal of the research paper is to discover the answers, even if they are unpleasant. Research can take us in unexpected places, and part of being a successful researcher is being able to preserve the flexibility to follow those leads when they present themselves.