All about PhD in India

In India, the value of higher education has always occupied a place of prominence. Be it ancient time universities such as, Nalanda, Taxila and Vikramsala universities, or the modern Indian universities such as, IITs, IISERs, IIMs, NIPERs, AIIMs etc, their renewed seats of higher learning always attract students from all over the country as well as from abroad. Duration for PhD in India is almost same as in other major countries. The University Grants Commission (UGC) is the statutory body set up by the government of India through an act of parliament i.e., UGC Act 1956. Its main functions are coordination and maintenance of standards of university education during the duration for PhD in India.

Introduction/Duration for PhD in India

PhD stands for a "Doctor of Philosophy". It is not to be confused with academic discipline of philosophy, but is used in broader sense for all academic disciplines. It is the highest academic level degree, which is awarded for programs across the whole areas of academic fields. Duration for PhD in India varies per institution. One should require producing original research during duration for PhD in India that expands the boundaries of knowledge, in the form of thesis during its duration for PhD in India. The title of 'Doctor' is awarded after the duration for PhD in India. After the duration for PhD in India, one is eligible for the role of professor in various universities, researcher, or a scientist.

Academic Requirements/Process of Enrolment and duration for PhD in India

1) Post graduate degree or Master's or MPhil in any discipline (a good academic record). Masters is of 2 years whereas duration for PhD in India varies in certain range.

2)  Qualified UGC- NET JRF exam, which is a national level exam conducted twice in a year for the award of LS/Assistant Professor i.e., (Lectureship) in Indian Universities and colleges, and for JRF i.e., (junior research fellow). Duration for PhD in India is recognized by UGC. 

 If you qualify for JRF, then you can directly apply for interview in various universities across India and after qualifying interview, you will be awarded a grant of Rs 31,000/- per month for first two years of your PhD degree. In addition, annual grant of Rs 20,000/- will also be provided. This fellowship will be governed by CSIR, UGC or Research scheme. After completion of two years as JRF, if fellow registered for PhD, the amount of fellowship will be upgraded to Rs 35,000/- per month and designated as SRF (NET). The progress of research work is assessed time to time by assessment member committees for the continuation of fellowship. The duration for PhD in India generally goes with these criteria.

Note: - There are two types of NET examination in India. One is UGC- NET, which is conducted for all humanities subject and almost all subjects of every stream. Another one is CSIR- NET which is conducted particularly for science subjects. There is slight difference in the pattern of both the papers but the same amount of grant is awarded during the duration for PhD in India. Both the exams are conducted by NTA (National testing agency).

3) If NET JRF not qualified, then one must have to undergo the entrance examination for PhD degree conducted by various Indian universities time to time. Some Universities may provide fellowship for pursuing PhD or some not. Sometimes fellowship duration governs the duration for PhD in India.

Duration for PhD in India

The duration for PhD in India varies, as two modes of PhD programs are available i.e., full-time as well as part-time duration for PhD in India. A full-time PhD scholar devotes its whole time in campus with his guide whereas part-time PhD scholar may devote his less time as compared to full-time scholar. This again changes the duration for PhD in India for both. Part-time PhD degree is not available for all academic disciplines but available only for few programs. Normally, duration for full-time PhD in India is 3-5 years whereas for duration for part-time PhD degree in India duration varies from 5-6 years.

PhD Course Program/ Duration for PhD in India

PhD program starts with the coursework phase. It includes any specialist subject knowledge and research skills, which is needed for a scholar to carry out their own independent research. This coursework phase is generally completed in the first year of the PhD. This time duration may be shorter for MPhil student as compared to Master's student. Thus, it alters the duration for PhD in India. Then comes the preparation of synopsis of the project, and then a particular guide is assigned to the PhD student who will supervise his work. Thus, duration for PhD in India mainly depends on preparing time for thesis.

Assessment, Examination and Duration for PhD in India

 The duration for PhD in India is mainly governed by the quality of doctoral thesis, which one provides at the end of his degree. This is first submitted internally. Various faculty members examine it, and ask for corrections, if any, and then again ask for resubmission during the duration for PhD in India. Then it proceeds to external examination/viva. When thesis is properly examined and satisfied by the university, then it goes for oral viva by one or more external examiners. This process of oral viva is known as 'Open Defense'. It is a type of open discussion with experts to ensure that thesis is clear of plagiarism and the person who submits the thesis is well known to his research. This mainly helps in altering duration for PhD in India. It is mandatory to hold open defense sessions for all universities since 2005. 

Publication/Duration for PhD in India

In along with the thesis, one must have to produce peer- reviewed publication in his duration for PhD in India. After submission of publication work, one is awarded his doctorate or PhD degree and his duration for PhD in India ends.

Duration for PhD in India and its Validation

In India, we came across different types of universities. There are private, state or central universities all across the country. All these universities are duly recognized by UGC. So, before enrolling to any PhD program in India, one must visit the official website of UGC and can check the particular university in the list of UGC affiliated colleges or universities, which is revised time to time. There are many fake universities also, which provides the various degree programs and alters the duration for PhD in India. So, one must be very careful.

Cost and duration for PhD in India

The cost and duration for PhD in India varies between universities and regions. But it is comparatively less or inexpensive as compared to foreign universities for international students. There is no standard fee for doing PhD in India. Generally, state or central universities are cheaper than private universities. Also duration for PhD in India in private universities is less, sometimes.

PhD Funding and duration for PhD in India

For Indian students, various fellowship programs are there. One such fellowship is NET fellowship. Various other fellowship schemes are available time to time on the UGC website. Various universities have their own fellowship schemes, also during the duration for PhD in India.

For international students, to study in India, there is the General Scholarship Scheme (GSS). This provides funding for students from specific countries to pursue bachelors, masters or during the duration for PhD in India. Visas are required for international students to study PhD in India, such as student visa, which is normally valid up to 5 years and multiple entries during duration for PhD in India during course is permissible.